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Cabbage Family - Crucifereae

Group: 
Flowers

The cabbage family are also known as brassicas. They have four petals in a cross shape hence the usual name of crucifers, cross-shaped. This a diverse family of manly yellow or white blooms but the four petals are diagnostic although the flowers may come in spikes, clusters or individually.

The information about this group of species has been organised into reports, charts, maps and photos. Click a pic below to see the detail:

Hedge Mustard

Sisymbrium officinale
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A common species of dry ground, hedgerows and arable fields.


 

 

Wintercress

Barbarea vulgaris
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A sturdy flower of roadsides, hedges and waste ground, especially if damp.


 

 

Marsh Yellow-cress

Rorippa palustris
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Found in muddy patches by ponds and ditches that frequently dry out in summer.


 

 

Annual Wall Rocket

Diplotaxis muralis
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A garden escape that can be found along pavements and road gutters as well waste places.


 

Wild Cabbage

Brassica oleracea
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A scarce species found on limestone cliff tops along the Purbeck coast and Portland.


 

 

Black Mustard

Brassica nigra
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A yellow cabbage flower where the seed pods turn upwards and run very close to the stem. Favours coastal areas, especially sea cliffs.


 

Charlock

Sinapis arvensis
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A yellow flowered member of the cabbage family found on waste ground, in field margins and along waysides expecially on calcareous soils.


 

 

Wild Radish

Raphanus raphanistrum
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A weed of arable farmland and now quite uncommon.


 

 

Sea Raddish

Raphanus raphanistrum ssp maritimus
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A scarce variety of wild radish that grows on bare ground by the sea.


 

 

Garlic Mustard

Alliaria Petiolata
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Common flower of spring along hedgerows and woodland edges.


 

 

Watercress

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum agg.
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Found growing in both still and slow moving fresh water where the water is limey.


 

 

Thale Cress

Arabidopsis thaliana
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An occasional weed of cultivated soils, roadsides and bare ground.


 

 

Hairy Bitter-cress

Cardamine hirsuta
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A common and vigorous weed of bare ground and especially troublesome in gardens.


 

 

Wavy Bitter-cress

Cardamine flexuosa
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A common plant of wet woodland, often on muddy footpaths.


 

 

Hairy Rock-cress

Arabis hirsuta
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A scarce species of bare ground and rock on limestone.


 

 

Sweet Alison

Lobularia maratima
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A small clustered flower found on bare ground, especially sandy areas, by the sea.


 

 

Common Whitlowgrass

Erophila verna
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A tiny winter flowering plant on barren surfaces


 

Shepherds Purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris
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A  very common flower with a distintive heart-shaped seed 'purse'.


 

Common scurveygrass

Cochlearia officinalis
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A seaside plant loving drier saltmarshes and grassy banks by the sea.


 

 

Danish Scurveygrass

Cochlearia danica
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Small salt tolerant plant found frequently along main roads salted in winter. Main habitat is saltmarsh. 


 

Sea Kale

Crambe maritima
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A nationally rare plant with the capacity to grow on both shingle and sand. 


 

Hoary Cress

Cardaria draba
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An untidy plant growing on waste ground; quite local in Dorset.


 

 

Field Pepperwort

Lepidium campestre
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An erect, tall member of the cabbage family that thrives on thin, bare soils.


 

 

Dames-violet

Hesperis matronalis
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A garden escape found in the corner of fields, on waste ground and sometimes in hedgerows.


 

 

Cuckooflower

Cardamine pratensis
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A common plant of damp places and can be found along ditches and damp woodland as well as water meadows. 

 

Honesty

Lunaria annua
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A common garden escape but is welcome as it is an early source of nectar (April onward) for insects.


 

 

Sea Rocket

Cakile maratima
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A plant with an amazing ability to grow in sand above the high water line on beaches.